A variation in the shape of the Bendomino tile.
Version of 8 January 2017.
Dave Barber's other pages; in particular, the ideas below continue those on the curved tiles page.

The design of Bendominoes is based upon circular arcs. However, there is a certain octagon which can not only substitute for the arc-based tiles in ordinary play, but which offer additional possibilities of matching. Some examples of polybens (polygonal bendominoes), along with their numerical designations, appear in figure 25:


Note that 12-13 is distinct from its mirror image 13-12; for best results a set should never have one of a mirror-image pair without the other. A tile like 6-6 is naturally called a double. The tiles conveniently hold as many as thirteen pips, but a useful set of 36 tiles can be made by going no higher than five, as in figure 26:


Proportions of the tile, specified in figure 27, are critical, although the entire piece can be made larger or smaller as manufacturers opt. A likely size would have one unit equalling twelve millimeters.

length:1 unitEF, GH
√3 ≈ 1.732 unitsAH, DE
2 unitsAB, CD, FG
4 unitsBC
angle:90 degreesA, D, E, H
120 degreesB, C, F, G

The sides have names:

The belly is the same length as a shoulder, or half of the back; the tile was designed this way in order to provide plenty of matching opportunities.

As with curved tiles, three pieces form a loop. Figure 28 corresponds to figure 3 on the curved page:


Figure 29, equivalent to figure 5 on the curved page, shows end-to-end matching of polybens. The suggested alignment diagram for polybens is simply a triangular grid of dots, which is noticeably simpler than the diagram for the curved version (figure 7 or figure 15). The number of dots in the grid and its overall shape accord to the preference of the players.


When a tile is correctly placed, each of its eight corners (lettered A through H in figure 27) will fall precisely on a dot, as will the ends of the dividing bar in the middle of the tile. The magnification of figure 30 shows this more clearly:


The reason for the polygonal design is to allow the tiles to abut in more ways than in the original circular scheme. Players when negotiating the rules before starting a game will probably choose to allow some, but not all, of the configurations displayed in figure 31:



Figure 32 shows how three or four tiles might meet at their ends, backs and shoulders:


Figure 33 is an example of a complicated layout:


A suggested rule is to permit corner-to-corner adjacencies when they arise incidentally from side-to-side adjacencies, if the numbers match. In figure 33, these are 5-4 next to 4-4 in the lower right, and 1-6 next to 6-2 at the left.

Skew tiles naturally ensue. Figure 34 is the octagonal version of figure 14:


Figure 35 is equivalent to figure 17. The grid of dots is especially helpful in this layout; without it players might worry about accurate tile placement, and wonder whether the 5-6 and 4-0 skew-right tiles near the center of the picture ought in fact to touch.


Figure 36, corresponding to figure 18 on the curved page, introduces single-number polygonal (more specifically, enneagonal) tiles.


The sides of the single-number tiles come in only two lengths, the shorter being hooks and the longer being ends. In terms of the dimensions given in figure 27, the hooks are 1 unit, the ends √3 units, and the angles 90 or 120 degrees.

Besides containing tiles equivalent to those of figure 20, figure 37 includes many others to illustrate possible tile adjacencies. Players can decide which categories of adjacency they want to recognize.


Yet another shape of tile results from putting the two halves of a tile together along a shoulder, or equivalently half a back:


These decagonal pieces can fully participate in tessellations with the octagonal tiles of figures 26 and 34, and the enneagonal of figure 36. They have no obvious counterpart among the curved tiles.

The figures were prepared with Adobe PostScript, the acme of programming languages for graphics.